News and Opinion from Sisters, Oregon


I loved cakewalks as a kid. Local people in our area of small farms and ranches in Lane County would bake cakes. It was a chance to show off decorating skills or get a favorite recipe out into the community.

Cakes stood proudly in the church’s youth chapel or the elementary school’s gym during holidays and school carnivals. Tickets were sold. Each contestant walked around a circle of numbered chairs while music played. When the music stopped, you’d freeze and sit in the nearest chair. A number was pulled from a hat, raffle-style.

If you were sitting in the right chair? You won a cake. Though I rarely won, I absolutely loved the game.

Thus I was bummed to hear that some folks consider the word “cakewalk” racist. Some are calling for “that takes the cake” and “piece of cake” to be removed from the vocabulary, too. I took a break from seasonal Sisters Country matters such as getting children to rake pine needles and watering our COVID Victory Garden (which has been victorious only for the aphids) to follow?up.

Searching anonymously through, I clicked through on the top link. Here a conservative blogger complained about CNN publishing a list of racially dubious terms. They mocked the news station for considering the term “master bedroom” potentially offensive when it has is no etymological link to slavery. (Etymology is the study of word origins, an activity considered thrilling to nerdy people such as writers, who probably need to take up another hobby. Baking cakes, let’s say.)

Cakewalk was not so benign. Before it became a staid and simple church game, it was a dance performed by Black slaves for their White owners in the American South, sometimes with a slice of cake as a reward.

Oh. Even the sarcastic right-wing blogger admitted they’d learned something from this one.

Thus began what I figured would be a quick bit of research. I’d confirm that CNN and Snarky McBloggerton were correct; I’d grieve the innocent cakewalks of my youth; I’d excise the term from my vocabulary.

What I uncovered was more nuanced, which is an elitist way of saying “too complicated for my little pea-brain.” Starting around 1850, slaves lampooned the formal ballroom promenades of White plantation owners, incorporating African dance steps. Somehow this became a contest, with Whites “inviting” slaves to participate and then judging their moves.

Making artful fun of someone who could have you or your loved ones whipped or killed sounds nerve-wracking and complex to me, but the word cakewalk came to mean “easy” after Emancipation — because Black Americans now performed it at their leisure.

A dance called the cakewalk achieved popularity via minstrel shows — first Black shows, then Whites wearing blackface makeup, and then, in a dizzying mis en abyme, Black Americans performing the dance while wearing blackface makeup.

Minstrel shows? Blackface? No contest: Retire all those cake words immediately. Right?

Not so fast. On — hardly a bastion of White supremacy — I learned that to American social dance fans, the cakewalk is important. I browsed posts like “Why White dancers need to honor the Black roots of Lindy Hop” and watched a video of Rik “Rikomatic” Panganiban, whose father immigrated to the U.S. from the Philippines, and Manu “Spuds” Smith, a Black American man, discussing issues of sexism and racism in their majority-White swing dance scene.

Panganiban posted cakewalk footage from 1903, noting, “There is some subtle cultural referencing going on here, being both a satire of the affected manners of White high culture and an expression of Black pride and joy by the performers. For a people enslaved, enacting a cakewalk right in the face of their oppressors might be understood as a prideful middle finger.”

“For now, whenever you hear the expression that ‘takes the cake’ or something is a ‘cakewalk’ remember how brilliant Black slaves employed the cakewalk as a subtle but powerful anti-racist tactic,” he suggested.

Intrigued, I got in touch with Panganiban. “I don’t have strong feelings on whether or not the terms ‘cakewalk’ or ‘taking the cake’ should be retired from contemporary usage…” he told me via email. “I do feel that the cakewalk is an important grandparent of lindy hop, and should be taught about and understood.”

Rikomatic believes dancers shouldn’t perform cakewalks anymore, “since they are tangled up in several layers of racist stereotypes and oppression. Certainly not a non-Black dancer. The only exception would be for illustrating the history of dance, within a sensitively presented context.”

Fair enough. But what if taking the cake didn’t originate in African American slavery — or in America at all? Tune into our next episode of “In the Pines” to find out.


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